Development of Sustainable Ecosystems for the Hydrogen Economy of the Future

I&P Indonesia and ECADIN organized a session for WINNER conference on 19 October 2022. 

The energy systems using fossil fuel have contributed to climate change through greenhouse gases emission. As part of the worlds’ commitment through the Paris Climate Accords, every nations have to strive for an energy transition to a sustainable, reliable and affordable energy systems. These systems include molecular (gaseous or liquid) energy carriers, such as, hydrogen, which can cope with some of the challenges posed by the transition to renewable energy sources. Transport and storage of hydrogen is relatively easy, which allows them to serve as buffer capacity to intermittent renewable energy sources, even if they are not primary energy sources. 

Currently, hydrogen is already a commodity relevant to various (chemical) industries, but nearly all hydrogen is produced from fossil sources. Most hydrogen is used in the production of other chemicals, i.e. not for energy transport or heat as is envisioned in a partially hydrogen-based energy system. The current state provides some room for the development of hydrogen based infrastructure, but the production of clean hydrogen on a large scale is a boundary condition for hydrogen to have a use as an energy carrier. Clean, or renewable, hydrogen includes green hydrogen produced from water electrolysis with renewable electricity. The large use of hydrogen in our economies calls for a redefinition of the standards on energy security and reliability of supply, redesigning of the energy value chain, development of new economic and business models as well as rearrangements on the existing grid infrastructure. 

In this session, we will discuss the various development of hydrogen economy in the Netherlands and Indonesia. Practitioners, policy makers and academicians from both countries will present their experience and ecosystem in both countries on the up-stream and down-stream value chain of hydrogen economy.